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Malocclusion (a misalignment of teeth) affects approximately 74% of American adults, and if you have malocclusion, it may be affecting your periodontal health. When teeth are not properly aligned it becomes difficult to remove plaque, which can lead to gum disease. Periodontal disease can begin as gum redness or bleeding while brushing your teeth or using dental floss, and you may notice halitosis, or bad breath. If not treated, gum inflammation can become worse, leading to soft tissue damage, receding gums, the formation of pockets between teeth and gums, bone loss, and eventually tooth loss.
The Progression of Periodontal Disease
When teeth are crowded, plaque with harmful bacteria can attach to the tooth surface near the bottom of the pocket. Due to the difficulty of brushing and flossing in crowded areas, plaque can be difficult to remove, and causes a build up of bacteria. The increase in bacterial levels eventually causes gum tissue surrounding the tooth to degrade, and if not treated, will result in bone loss.
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Wear and Trauma
Poorly aligned teeth also creates unnatural stress and pressure on your teeth and jaws. Teeth that are subject to excessive pressure can develop chipping and notches at the gum line called abfractions. Premature wear then leads to poor root support, loose teeth, and eventually tooth loss.
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Straight, properly aligned teeth can help you avoid the risk of Gum disease
Properly aligned teeth are easier to brush and floss than crowded or crooked teeth. Properly positioned teeth can help gums “fit” more tightly around them, which leads to better periodontal health.
With good oral hygiene, the chances of having plaque retention, tooth decay, and periodontal disease can be reduced.
Invisalign is a series of clear plastic aligners which can be used by your dentist to correct malocclusion. Please read our Invisalign article or contact us for more information on how Invisalign may be used to help you.
If you have Malocclusion or any of the symptoms of a periodontal disease, it’s time to schedule an appointment with Dr. Khodai. Click below to get in touch with Barranca Dental Excellence in Irvine.
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